New Car Incentives Are Down 42% Year-over-Year

New Car Incentives Are Down 42% Year-over-Year

A few years ago, a typical car deal would include thousands of dollars of “incentives” to help a dealership seal the deal with a customer. Nowadays, new car incentives are few and far between. As the ongoing chip shortage (and new magnesium shortage) have hampered automakers, we’ve seen a drastic decline in new car incentives.

Incentives traditionally take the form of either cash rebates or special financing programs. Cash rebates are going by the wayside as vehicle supply cannot keep up with consumer demand. Because of this imbalance automakers do not need to subsidize the purchase of their vehicles. Many consumers are perfectly content buying at MSRP (or above).

Special finance programs still exist, however most industry analysts expect them to fad away as well as interest rates inevitably increase due to inflationary pressures.

TrueCar tracks incentives for most major OEMs. We’ve compiled that data here for you.

Q3 New Car Incentives

The table below makes it very clear; new car incentives are being cut left and right.

ManufacturerQ3 2021Q3 2020Q2 2021YoY % ChangeQoQ % Change
Volkswagen Group$2,939$4,421$3,730-33.5%-21.2%

GM, who lost their US sales crown to Toyota is cutting back most heavily when it comes to incentives. This makes sense, because GM inventory levels are down 80%+ in most states right now. With no new vehicles to sell, it makes sense why GM would cut back on incentives.

inventory levels broken down by state

Hyundai and Nissan have also cut their incentives aggressively quarter-over-quarter. This indicates that they may be struggling more than their peers when it comes to production of vehicles.

As a whole, the industry has experienced a 38% reduction in new car incentives year-over-year for the third quarter.

Monthly Changes in New Car Incentives

Digging into the data on a month-to-month level is fascinating. We can actually see that the month-over-month changes are more drastic, indicating that the reduction in new car incentives is more aggressive today than it was at the beginning of Q3.

ManufacturerSep 2021 ForecastSep 2020 ActualAug 2021 ActualYOYMOM
Volkswagen Group$2,690$4,311$2,763-37.6%-2.6%
cars with the most & least inventory by brand

BMW and GM have decreased their new car incentives the most, followed by Toyota. Ford and Subaru have both increased their new car incentives. This is surprising, because Subaru has a very limited supply of inventory, and Ford isn’t fairing too much better.

The industry as a whole has slashed new car incentives 42% year-over-year for the month of September. There is no indication that this will get “better” before the end of the year, and many automakers are excited to get rid of incentives because it allows them to save money.

We can also see a decline in incentives as a percentage of the average transaction price (ATP) of a new vehicle.

ManufacturerSep 2021 ForecastSep 2020 ActualAug 2021 ActualYOYMOM
Volkswagen Group6.8%10.7%6.8%-37.0%-0.3%

To understand this table, simply look at BMW. In September of 2020 incentives accounted for 8.5% of the average transaction price of a BMW. That means that if you were buying a $100,000 BMW you would expect $8,500 in incentives. Today the expectation should be $5,300 in incentives. As new car incentives decline, and average transaction prices increase, incentives as a percent of average transaction price is also falling.

Can You Still Get a Deal on a New Car?

“Deal” is relative in this market. The short answer is “yes,” the long answer is, “it depends.” We have seen many CarEdge members secure new cars at MSRP with no additional dealer markup. In this market, that’s a GOOD deal. A lot of your dealmaking ability will have to do with the amount of inventory the dealership has available for sale. Some automakers are also still offering incentives on factory orders, so if you are okay with waiting for your new car, placing an order might make sense for you.

Can I Buy a Car in Another State? The Latest Updates For 2024

Can I Buy a Car in Another State? The Latest Updates For 2024

Can I Buy a Car in Another State? Everything You Need to Know in 2024

Buying a car is already a complex process, and purchasing a vehicle in another state can make it even more overwhelming. With inventory levels fluctuating in 2024, many car buyers are expanding their search beyond their local area to find the right vehicle at the best price. But navigating the requirements and logistics of buying a car in another state can be a daunting task, especially if you’re unfamiliar with the process.

At CarEdge, we’re dedicated to making the car buying experience easier, faster, and more affordable for everyone. We’ll walk you through the entire process, from understanding the steps involved to figuring out tax requirements and transportation logistics.

What are the steps to buy a car in another state?

Buying a vehicle in another state is eerily similar to buying a car at your local dealership with a few exceptions. The steps to the sale are: 

  1. Negotiate the out the door (OTD) price via email or phone call
  2. If it’s a used vehicle, arrange for a pre-purchase inspection (PPI)
  3. Agree to the selling price
  4. Place a deposit on the vehicle & sign the buyer’s order
  5. Take delivery of the vehicle

At a high level, that’s how you buy a car in another state. Let’s break each step down a bit further.

Negotiate the OTD price

As with any car deal, the first step is to negotiate the OTD price with the salesperson or sales manager. When buying a vehicle in another state you’ll likely be unfamiliar with their taxes and fees. It is incredibly important that you tell the dealership what your zip code is so that they can calculate your taxes and fees based on your location. We’ll touch on this more below, but taxes are paid where you register your vehicle, not where you purchase it. If the dealership doesn’t know your zip code, they won’t be able to provide you with an accurate out the door price quote.

We strongly recommend that you reference the CarEdge OTD Price Calculator to verify that the dealership’s OTD price matches up with the correct tax, title, and registration rates in your state.

Come prepared with competitive financing

Do you know what happens if you arrive at the dealership without a competitive financing pre-approval in hand? The finance office will be THRILLED because to the dealership, they instantly realize they have the upper hand.

Dealers routinely mark up finance offers before presenting them to customers. It’s one way they make money. Be sure to bring a competitive financing offer from a credit union!

Arrange for a pre-purchase inspection

If you’re purchasing a used vehicle from another state there are a few extra considerations you should be aware of. First, you should absolutely consider arranging for a pre-purchase inspection to make sure the vehicle is in good working condition. Second, you’ll need to ensure the vehicle can pass your state’s inspection and emissions testing. By conducting a pre-purchase inspection you’ll likely become aware of any issues that would preclude the vehicle you’re thinking of buying from passing your state’s inspection.

To arrange for a pre-purchase inspection from out of state you have a few options:

  • Research and locate a local mechanic near the dealership that is selling the vehicle and arrange for them to inspect the vehicle. You can request the selling dealership to take the vehicle to the mechanic’s shop.
  • Research and locate a local dealership of the same manufacturer of the vehicle you are purchasing (for example find the local Toyota dealer if you’re buying a Camry from a Hyundai dealership), and arrange for the selling dealer to drop off the vehicle.
  • Use a service such as LemonSquad to send a mechanic onsite to the dealership to conduct the PPI for you.

Place a deposit & sign the buyer’s order

After an inspection report has been received and you’ve agreed to an OTD price, you’ll want to place a deposit down on the vehicle. When buying a vehicle in another state, the last thing you want to do is fly there, or arrange shipping, only to see the price change at the eleventh hour. To protect yourself from last minute changes, place a deposit on the vehicle, and also request to sign a copy of the buyer’s order. Request that the sales manager at the dealership does the same too.

Take delivery

The final step in the out of state purchase process is to take delivery of the vehicle. This is when you will meet with the Finance and Insurance Manager to review loan options and insurance products. As with buying a vehicle locally, you can (and should) come in pre-approved with outside financing and extended warranty coverage quotes.

Depending on what state you are purchasing the vehicle from, you may be able to “take delivery” remotely (sign all the paperwork electronically) and have the vehicle shipped to you. More on that below.

Can I buy a car in another state and drive it home?

Yes, you can buy a car in another state and drive it home.

Yes, if you buy a car in another state you can drive it back home to where you live. Unless of course you decide to buy a car in the state of Massachusetts …

In every state except Massachusetts you will receive a temporary license plate from the state where you purchased the vehicle. This temporary tag (also referred to as “drive off tags”) will allow you to legally operate the vehicle after purchasing it.

When you arrive back in your home state you will then go to your local department of motor vehicle and register the vehicle. This is when you will receive your permanent plates for the vehicle.

The Massachusetts Problem

Why is Massachusetts different from all the other states? That’s a great question. Their laws around vehicle registration are infuriatingly complex and cumbersome. Auto Influence wrote a great article on the Massachusetts Problem here:

When (and who) do I pay taxes if I buy a vehicle in another state?

When you purchase a vehicle out of state, you pay taxes in the state where you register the vehicle, not where you purchased it. The actual process of calculating the correct tax amount and remitting it to your home state can be handled differently.

For example, if it’s a neighboring state, the dealership where you purchase the vehicle will collect and remit the taxes and fees for you. You’ll then receive your permanent plates and registration in the mail. Many dealerships have software that allows them to calculate the proper sales tax and registration fees for different states, and in neighboring states they may feel comfortable handling that for you.

If you’re buying from a further away state, or if the dealership doesn’t offer to handle tax and registration remittance for you, you should contact the dealership’s title department to see if they can walk you through the steps you’ll need to take back in your home state. At this point it is also helpful to consider contacting a local dealership and asking them for assistance too. If you have a local tax professional they would also be able to help. You can of course also refer to your state and local tax laws and remit payment on your own.

Let’s say you purchase out of state and you pay for sales tax, but it is the wrong amount. What happens then? When you go to register your vehicle at your local department of motor vehicle you will either receive a credit from them, or you will owe them additional money. 

If I buy a car in another state in 2024, can I have it shipped to me?

Yes, absolutely. This is a very common practice and could financially make a lot of sense for you. The dealership where you purchase the vehicle may recommend a particular shipping company and you should see what their quote is. You should also shop the quote and get bids from other providers as well.

Shipping options will range from open air freight to closed container shipping.

When you buy with CarEdge, we ship your vehicle to you. Learn more about the benefits of buying with CarEdge.

Can I buy a car in one state and register it in another?

Yes. The registration process is different in each state, however you can buy a vehicle in one state and register it in your home state. You’ll need to make sure the vehicle can pass your state’s emissions test and road worthiness inspection.

You’ll also need to confirm that the vehicle title is clear of any liens.

What if I have a trade-in?

If you’re buying a vehicle in another state and you have a trade-in, you should strongly consider treating your trade-in as a separate transaction from your purchase. More on that here:

Can I lease out of state?

Yes, you can lease a vehicle from another state, however some dealership’s will not allow you to. The complexity of out-of state leases is high, and some dealerships do not want the burden of mistakenly calculating the wrong taxes and fees on a lease. Before negotiating an OTD price with an out of state dealership, we would encourage you to ask them if they’re willing to lease you the vehicle with you being from another state. Be prepared to give them your zip code since each state treats leases differently.

Free Car Buying Help Is Here

Car buying cheat sheet

In conclusion, buying a vehicle in another state can seem like a daunting task, but with the right knowledge and guidance, it can actually be a smart move that saves you money. By taking the time to research the laws and regulations in the state you plan to buy from, and working with a reputable dealer or private seller, you can find the car of your dreams without breaking the bank.

Ready to outsmart the dealerships? Download your 100% free car buying cheat sheets today. From negotiating a deal to leasing a car the smart way, it’s all available for instant download. Get your cheat sheets today!

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How to Factory Order a Car in 2024

How to Factory Order a Car in 2024

What happens when you take millions of vehicles out of production? Evidently a lot. One phenomena we’ve seen is the proliferation of dealers telling customers to “factory order” a vehicle instead of buying one off their lot (that is if they even have any on their lot to sell). For many car buyers, factory ordering is an unfamiliar purchase process and can be intimidating.

Everyday on the CarEdge Community Forum we field questions such as:

  • How do I factory order a car?
  • What can I negotiate?
  • Can I negotiate?
  • How does it work?
  • And more

We’ll address these questions (and more) below.

Let’s dive in.

How do I factory order a vehicle?

The steps to factory order a car isn’t too terribly complicated, however, for many, it’s an entirely unfamiliar process. Because of the ongoing chip shortage, many dealerships will likely proactively ask you to order a vehicle instead of purchasing one on their lot. Here’s the roadmap:

  1. Go to the manufacturer website and build the vehicle you want
  2. Print out your build sheet
  3. Go to the dealership with your build sheet
  4. Show the salesperson the build that you want
  5. Request the out-the-door price (OTD) for the vehicle
  6. Negotiate the OTD price
  7. Agree to a selling price
  8. Sign the buyer’s order (and get the sales manager to do the same thing)
  9. Get a signed copy of the agreed upon build sheet
  10. Leave the dealership
  11. Follow up with the salesperson and request weekly updates on the status of your vehicle
  12. Your vehicle arrives at the dealership
  13. Research ancillary product prices (extended warranties, GAP insurance, etc.)
  14. If financing, come in with a pre-approved bank loan
  15. Meet with the F&I Manager
  16. See if they can beat your interest rate or the prices on the ancillary products
  17. Take delivery of your vehicle
  18. Drive-off in your brand new car, truck, or SUV

The simple “18 steps to factory order a car” … Simple, eh? Let’s break things down a bit more.

Can I negotiate on a factory order?

Can you negotiate on a factory order car? Yes, yes, yes. You can, and you should negotiate the price of your factory ordered vehicle.

There is a common misconception that because you are “custom ordering” a vehicle you cannot negotiate with the dealer, simply because it is “custom”. That couldn’t be further from the truth. From the dealership’s perspective a factory order is just like any other car deal. It’s a piece of inventory that they’ll make front-end and back-end profit on. As a customer, you should treat it the same way too.

When do I negotiate on a factory order?

So when do you negotiate on a factory order? At the time of placing the order. Not when you take delivery of the vehicle!

This is another common misconception when it comes to factory ordering a car. You need to negotiate when you first place the order, not when you take delivery. Why? Because the dealership treats the ordered vehicle similarly to any other sales. When your salesperson/sales manager is putting together the “deal jacket” (industry lingo for all the paperwork associated with your car deal), they will have an out-the-door (OTD) price associated with the deal. That OTD price shouldn’t be MSRP + fees + taxes + tags/registration. Instead, if you negotiate with them it should be MSRP – dealer discount + fees + taxes + tags/registration.

Enjoying this guide Check out The Car Buyer’s Glossary of Terms, Lingo, and Jargon

If you don’t negotiate with them then, the assumption is that the deal is at MSRP, and your leverage (once the vehicle is on the dealer’s lot) is lesser. Especially in the current market where inventory is so scarce.

It’s also important to negotiate the price upfront, because you want to “lock-in” the price so that there are no surprises when you finally take delivery. More on that below.

What do I negotiate on a factory order?

What can you negotiate when you factory order a vehicle? It’s simple, all the same things you would negotiate when you purchase a car off the lot. Remember, if it’s taxable, it’s negotiable!

Negotiate on taxable fees (doc fees, processing fees, etc.), and on the vehicle’s selling price. In today’s market be prepared to negotiate off additional dealer markup. This has become very common because of the lack of supply.

We encourage you to read success stories from other CarEdge community members to hear what types of deals they have been able to secure, and how they did it.

What about manufacturer incentives?

Manufacturers incentives are applied at the time you take delivery of the vehicle, not at the time of placing the order. For example, if you order a truck today you will negotiate the OTD price with the salesperson and sales manager today. You will then take delivery of the truck 8 weeks later. At that time you will be eligible for any applicable manufacturer incentives that are currently active. You will not be able to retroactively receive the incentives that were in place when you ordered the vehicle.

That being said, you can ask the sales manager to see if they can “lock-in” the current incentives on the deal, however they likely will not be able to.

How do I negotiate on a factory order?

Negotiating a factory ordered vehicle is very similar to negotiating a vehicle that is on the dealer’s lot. If you are unfamiliar with that process, please consider going to Deal School, or signing up for a CarEdge Membership so that we can help you.

That being said, there is one distinct difference between negotiating a vehicle on a dealer’s lot and one that is ordered. That distinction is floor-plan assistance.

What the heck is floor-plan assistance you wonder?

You may be more familiar with “holdback” which is a form of “under the line” profit that dealerships collect from the manufacturer. In addition to holdback, dealerships also receive floor-plan assistance and advertising assistance from their manufacturer.

Floor-plan assistance is a set aside amount of money for each vehicle (it appears on most dealer invoices) that the manufacturer gives to the dealership to offset the interest expense associated with “floor-planning” the vehicle. You may not have known this, but car dealerships do not pay cash for their inventory. They finance it, just like you or I would. That means they have an interest expense on each vehicle that is on their lot.

Floor-plan assistance helps offset this cost for the dealership.

Why is this important? Because since you are factory ordering your vehicle and will likely take delivery within a few days of it arriving at the dealership, the dealer will not incur any meaningful interest expense. That means the floor-plan assistance from the manufacturer is pure profit for them.

Are there any “red flags” I should watch out for?

As you can tell by now, factory ordering a car is very similar to purchasing a vehicle straight off the dealer’s lot. It isn’t too terribly different, however there are some distinct changes in the process. That being said, are there any particular “red flags” you should watch out for when placing a factory order? The answer is “yes”.

The dealer won’t negotiate the price when I place the order

This is a major red flag. If the dealership isn’t willing to negotiate on the price when you place the order you can guarantee that two things will happen when the vehicle does arrive:

  1. You’re in for a surprise regarding what the vehicle’s actual OTD will be; and
  2. There’s no guarantee that the vehicle is even “your vehicle” when it does arrive.

We’ve heard too many stories of people “ordering” a vehicle and not negotiating the price in advance, only to have a nasty surprise when it finally does arrive at the dealership.

The dealer insists that dealer-installed accessories are required

Dealer-installed accessories are added by the dealer when they receive a vehicle. You’ve likely seen these on an OTD price worksheet in the past. Things like wheel locks, or LoJack are common dealer-installed accessories.

A common line you’ll hear from a salesperson or sales manager is “we can’t take that off, we put it on every car.” Well, the great thing about factory ordering a vehicle is that the dealership doesn’t have to install any of their accessories, because you’ll take delivery as soon as the vehicle arrives.

If the dealership is persistent about not removing them, that’s a red flag, because it’s a truly illogical argument.

The dealer won’t sign a buyer’s order or build sheet

You’ve negotiated your OTD price and you’re ready to put down a deposit to hold the vehicle. Woohoo! The only way to really make the agreed upon OTD price legitimate is to have a mutually signed buyer’s order. That, plus the deposit and the signed build sheet, make it clear that the price is the negotiated price.

If a dealership won’t sign a buyer’s order, that’s a red flag. You don’t want to arrive the day your vehicle is ready only to find out that the negotiated selling price you had is no longer agreeable to the dealership (this has been happening with more and more frequency as of late), and the only way to protect yourself from that is to have the signed agreement.

If they won’t do it, that’s a no-go.

The dealer didn’t request a deposit

When you factory order a car you will need to put down a deposit on the vehicle. This is typically $500 to $1,000. If the dealership does not request a deposit, or if they won’t accept your deposit, that means the vehicle you’re “ordering” isn’t really your vehicle. Just like the signed buyer’s order, if you can’t get a deposit down, you’re in for a rude surprise when the vehicle finally does arrive.

To “lock-in” your build and the OTD price, have both the dealership and yourself sign a buyer’s order, and put down the requisite deposit amount that they require.

I placed an order and haven’t heard from the dealership in weeks

This is an unfortunate, albeit common occurrence. If you’ve followed our steps and placed an order and then the dealership has gone silent, be sure to go up the chain of command at the dealership to contact someone in a leadership position to get information about your order. This is all about being your own advocate. We encourage you to use our email templates when contacting the dealership.

Have other questions about factory ordering? Please post them on the CarEdge Community here:

We hope this helps. Please consider sharing it with anyone you know who might find it valuable.

Success Story:  Michael

Success Story: Michael

Everyone loves a good success story. At CarEdge, we take great pride in giving our customers the knowledge and confidence they need when they’re buying a car.

Today, we’re going to meet Michael. Michael was in the market for a specific make and model of vehicle, but the only dealer in town wasn’t offering him a fair deal. Thankfully, Michael was a member of CarEdge, and the knowledge he gained enabled him to get his dream car without facing a nightmare at the dealership.

The Right Car at the Wrong Dealer

In the past, Michael had found it easier to lease his vehicles, which gave him the flexibility of a new car every few years. But one day, Michael fell in love with a vehicle model that was no longer available in new condition. So he decided to make the switch from leasing to buying a used vehicle.

Michael faced just one small problem: The vehicle of his dreams was only available at a particular dealership. But Michael was confident that he had the tools and know-how to get the best deal. Michael knew that the dealership had a $699 non-negotiable delivery fee, but he was willing to pay that price because he knew the dealer had a “no-haggle” policy.

Michael deliberately began his car-buying process by evaluating his trade-in. Michael had done his homework. He had shopped his trade-in around, getting online quotes from some of the major providers like we recommend, and eventually received one offer that was $2,000 more than the competition. Unfortunately, this dealer wasn’t so generous. They made an offer, but it was lower than almost any online offer Michael had received. What could he do?

Michael Came Prepared

Thankfully, Michael came prepared. As a member of CarEdge, Michael had been reviewing our materials and watching our videos to learn the vocabulary and tools to get his best deal. After becoming a member, he was able to perform his own analysis by running market reports, looking at reviews, and gaining the knowledge he would need before ever contacting a dealership.

Before he became a member of CarEdge, Michael felt confident in his knowledge of cars. But after investing time studying and reviewing our resources, Michael was amazed at the new depth of his knowledge.

Turning Knowledge Into Savings

Michael’s new knowledge came in handy now that he had entered the car-buying process. 

The Highest Trade-In Value

First, he told the dealership that one of their competitors had provided an offer on his trade-in that was $2,000 more than what they were offering.

The dealer agreed to match this quote if Michael could provide a scanned copy of the quote. Michael assured the salesperson that if they could match the price, he’d be willing to purchase the car that same day.

As a premium member you get access to our Valuations tool that is powered by Black Book. Become a member to get access. You can print the value of your vehicle to show the dealer.

True to their word, the dealer offered Michael a trade-in value that was even better than before, offering $2200 more than their initial quote. Michael had won his first battle, but the sales war was far from over!

The Lowest Interest Rate

Michael and the dealer worked out all the details of the trade and the car he wanted to buy. Michael knew that he had excellent credit, which would allow him to qualify for around 3% financing from his local bank. The dealer, on the other hand, offered a rate of 4.4%.

When Michael challenged this figure and asked for the buy rate, he noticed a change in the conversation. The dealer knew that Michael was not their average customer. They promised to “see what we can do.” Within an hour, Michael received a phone call from the dealer—this time offering him a rate of 2.4%. Michael wasn’t merely excited; he felt satisfied that his research had paid off!

Avoiding Expensive Add-Ons

That’s when the dealer offered a $40 discount on a Vehicle Service Contract (VSC) package. This, they assured him, would “only” raise his monthly payment by the slightest amount. Michael, however, saw through their sales tactic. When Michael requested the actual price of the service contract (and not just the monthly rate), he discovered that the dealer was trying to add on $6,000 worth of services and products.

Michael politely declined. Thanks to his membership at CarEdge, he had a quote for a VSC in the amount of $2,400.

Perhaps Michael said it best: “The true success and value of CarEdge is shown here. Completed the deal without an extra 2% interest and without $6,000 of add-ons because I was prepared. Got an extra $200 over the highest offer on my trade (and over $2k more than their original offer) because I asked them to beat it to get my business. I was comfortable enough to push back. I was ready so that I could get my Ray Shefska Stamp of Approval, I think that even working with a no-haggle dealer, I can get one here.”

Michael’s Story Can Be Your Story

Ultimately, Michael got his dream car, thanks to the knowledge he gained through CarEdge. Our online resources gave Michael the knowledge and confidence he needed to push back and get the best deal possible.

Michael’s story can be your story! No one likes feeling like they’re being taken for a ride at the car dealership. Before you contact a dealer, check out some of our resources. Consider becoming a member, like Michael, so that you can have the confidence to get your next vehicle at the price you deserve.

What’s a Better Value in 2021: Used or New?

What’s a Better Value in 2021: Used or New?

Updated September 22, 2021

One of the oldest pieces of wisdom that people have passed around about buying a car is that it’s always better to buy a used car. In fact, nearly 70% of Americans say they would consider buying a used car, according to Cision. Is this age-old wisdom always true when it comes to used vs. new cars? What about in a strange year like 2021?

Today, we’re going to take a look at several factors that influence the new vs. used car buying decision, including factors that are unique to 2021.

When we compare used vs. new car values, we’re comparing equivalent vehicles that vary primarily based on model year. We all know that a 10 year old car will cost less than a brand-new car, so we need to compare equivalents (the same make, model, and trim) to honestly address the question, “Should I buy a new or used car?”

What’s Unique in 2021?

We all know that 2020 and 2021 have presented the world with unique problems. One of these problems is a semiconductor shortage. Semiconductors, also referred to as integrated circuits, ICs, and “chips,” are used in nearly every electronic device, which means there is a generally constant (and increasing) demand for them.

When the pandemic hit in 2020, semiconductor manufacturers had to shut down and then re-open with new safety restrictions. Doing so hurt productivity, along with the productivity of the entire supply chain.

Since it takes so much time to produce a semiconductor, it has been a slow struggle to catch up to the demand that multiple industries are placing on chipmakers.

You may be interested in this deep dive on How We Ran out of Cars in the US.

The second issue is related to other inputs that are required to manufacture vehicles.

Earlier in 2021 there was a severe winter storm that hit Texas and knocked their power grid offline. This storm resulted in oil refineries halting production, including the production of byproducts. One of these byproducts is used in foam seats in cars. Because of this, many automakers were struggling to secure foam so that they can continue to produce new cars.

There was also a rubber shortage that effected automakers.

More recently, we’ve seen automaker struggle securing other raw materials, such as resins and steel.

All of these factors have made 2021 a unique year in which to purchase a car. Keep these factors in mind as we proceed to examine which is better value; new or used cars.

Used vs. New Car:  Comparing Current Value

Let’s begin with the most important attribute: Value. What is the current value of the car that you’d like to buy? You must understand the current value to decide whether to buy new or used. 

We recommend using our Market Price Report to help determine the value of the car that you’re after. Our report will compare actual sales prices from various dealerships in your area to determine what a fair price might be for the car.

Run a Market Price Report for the target car that you have in mind. The price that we suggest as a fair price isn’t the entire story. To understand the full price that you can expect to pay, you’ll need to click through to the website of the dealership selling the car. Read through their listing and look for any manufacturer or dealership incentives.

You may discover that there is a $3,500 rebate on your car or some sort of dealer incentive for financing that will impact the purchase price. There may even be credits or rebates that apply to certain people, such as first responders and members of the military.

Deduct the dealer incentives from the price that we’re telling you is fair and you’ll have a great idea about the current value of the car.

You’re not done yet! To truly compare apples to apples for a used vs. new car, run another Market Price Report for a used car variant of the same make and model. For example, if your new car was a 2021 Honda Accord, you might run a new report for a 2019 Honda Accord.

Do the same thing and click through to the dealership website. Notice how there are no added discounts, incentives, or credits? Used cars generally do not have any added discounts.

Also use the Valuation Report in the app to get a sense of what a dealer would charge for the used car. Check out our guide to the Black Book value, which is used by many dealers.

Now, you have an excellent idea about the true value of both new and used cars for the make and model you’re interested in. Even though you can now answer the question about which one is a better value, there’s much more to consider before you make your purchase.

Used vs. New Car:  The Negotiability Factor

The price that someone is asking for a car is hardly ever going to be the actual price that someone else pays, something that’s true for both new and used cars. As such, to truly answer the question at hand, you need to consider how much you can negotiate with the seller.

When you run a Market Price Report, you’ll see a negotiability score towards the top. This score is calculated based on how long the car has been on the lot as compared to the average in the region. If a car has been on the lot for 70 days and the average in the area is 20 days, you’ll likely have some great luck negotiating for that car.

As such, when you’re comparing new vs. used car values, you need to keep in mind how much you can potentially negotiate off of the vehicle. There’s always plenty of room to negotiate with a new car, but the attitude with used cars is often “the price is the price.” Keep this in mind as you determine whether to buy a new or used car.

Negotiating doesn’t just happen when you’re haggling down the MSRP, it also happens when you’re seeking financing. Speaking in generalities, you’ll receive better financing offers when you’re buying a new car, along with having more room to negotiate on those offers. Used cars are usually a bit more cut and dry.

Used vs. New Car: Comparing Warranties & Condition

What difference does a warranty make in the used vs. new car battle? Your new car is going to come with some type of warranty to protect you from manufacturer’s defects. It may even have another warranty for powertrain components. Additionally, the car will be in factory-perfect condition, so you won’t need to worry about a pre-purchase inspection.

On the other hand, a used car is going to have whatever may be left on the warranty from when the car was initially bought. In many situations, that means there will be no warranty or that you only have a year or two left. Plus, you’ll absolutely need a pre-purchased inspection to make sure that you have a solid understanding of its condition.

Should you buy new or used? How important is the warranty to you? If it’s vital, then new cars are the way to go.

New or Used Car: Which Way Should You Go?

You should do the leg work to determine whether a new or used car is better in your exact situation. Our tools will do most of the hard work for you, but you still need to use them to determine whether a new car is better than a used car for the make and model you’re investigating. 

When it comes to 2021, our conclusion is that buying a new car is generally the way to go, due to the material shortages that are impacting the industry. These shortages have raised the prices for used cars, which are more in demand, although this may change as the year goes on. While you may not have as much room to negotiate with a new car, you’ll still find more value with a new car than with a used car that has a temporarily inflated price. 

Anyone looking to buy a car, whether it’s used or new, will benefit from using our Market Price Report. You can run three searches for free, which allows you to compare cars and make your ultimate decision. Head on over to the Market Price Report and run one today!